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Aquatic Mammals 2011, 37(2), 167-174, DOI 10.1578/AM.37.2.2011.167 Nocturnal Haul-Out Patterns of Harbor Seals (Phoca vitulina)
 

Summary: Aquatic Mammals 2011, 37(2), 167-174, DOI 10.1578/AM.37.2.2011.167
Nocturnal Haul-Out Patterns of Harbor Seals (Phoca vitulina)
Related to Airborne Noise Levels in Bellingham, Washington, USA
Alejandro Acevedo-Gutiérrez1
and Sara Cendejas-Zarelli2
1
Department of Biology, Western Washington University, 516 High Street, Bellingham, WA 98225-9160, USA;
E-mail: acevedo@biol.wwu.edu
2
Department of Environmental Sciences, Western Washington University, 516 High Street, Bellingham, WA 98225-9181, USA
Current address: P.O. Box 753, Bellingham, WA 98227, USA (SC-Z)
Abstract
Given their distribution, harbor seals (Phoca vitu-
lina) are likely to interact with human activities
and potentially be disturbed. However, it is unclear
how human development affects the haul-out
behavior of harbor seals near urban areas. Because
disturbance related to human development may
increase noise levels in air, one might expect
seals to haul-out at times when airborne noise

  

Source: Acevedo, Alejandro - Department of Biology, Western Washington University

 

Collections: Environmental Sciences and Ecology