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The Binomial Distribution The Binomial and Sign Tests
 

Summary: The Binomial Distribution
The Binomial and Sign Tests
Hervé Abdi1
1 Overview
The binomial distribution models repeated choices between two
alternatives. For example, it will give the probability of obtaining 5
Tails when tossing 10 coins or the probability for a rat to choose 10
times out of 20 the correct branch of a 3-branch maze. The bino-
mial test uses the binomial distribution to decide if the outcome
of an experiment using a binary variable (also called a dichotomy)
can be attributed to a systematic effect. The sign test is applied to
before/after designs and uses the binomial test to evaluate if the
direction of change between before and after the treatment is sys-
tematic.
2 Binomial distribution
The binomial distribution models experiments in which a repeated
binary outcome is counted. Each binary outcome is called a Ber-
noulli trial, or simply a trial. For example, if we toss 5 coins, each
1
In: Neil Salkind (Ed.) (2007). Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics.

  

Source: Abdi, Hervé - School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, University of Texas at Dallas

 

Collections: Biology and Medicine; Computer Technologies and Information Sciences