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OIKOS 98: 316, 2002 Using niche-based GIS modeling to test geographic predictions of
 

Summary: OIKOS 98: 3­16, 2002
Using niche-based GIS modeling to test geographic predictions of
competitive exclusion and competitive release in South American
pocket mice
Robert P. Anderson, A. Townsend Peterson and Marcela Go´mez-Laverde
Anderson, R. P., Peterson, A. T. and Go´mez-Laverde, M. 2002. Using niche-based
GIS modeling to test geographic predictions of competitive exclusion and competitive
release in South American pocket mice. ­ Oikos 98: 3­16.
Geographic studies addressing the role of competition in determining species'
macrodistributions have been limited by only simple or subjective means of identify-
ing regions of suitable habitat. Now, ecological-niche models of species' potential
distributions present a possible approach to testing for the geographic patterns
predicted under competitive exclusion and competitive release. Previously, we mod-
eled the potential distributions of two spiny pocket mice (Heteromys australis and H.
anomalus) in northwestern South America using specimen localities, environmental
data, and the Genetic Algorithm for Rule-Set Prediction (GARP). Here we superim-
pose the models to examine known distributional records in areas of potential
sympatry between the two species, thus testing the geographic predictions of compet-
itive exclusion. In addition, we examine environmental characteristics of known
localities, testing for data consistent with competitive release. Areas of potential

  

Source: Anderson, Robert P. - Department of Biology, City College, City University of New York
Peterson, A. Townsend - History Museum and Biodiversity Research Center & Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Kansas

 

Collections: Biology and Medicine; Environmental Sciences and Ecology