Summary: 716 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENT, VOL. 52, NO. 3, JUNE 2003
Artificial Intelligence in Science
of Measurements: From Measurement
Instruments to Perceptive Agencies
Francesco Amigoni, Associate Member, IEEE, Arnaldo Brandolini, Gabriele D'Antona,
Roberto Ottoboni, Senior Member, IEEE, and Marco Somalvico
Abstract--This paper motivates, from historical, philosophical,
and industrial points of view, the adoption of a novel scheme for
developing complex measuring systems as perceptive agencies. The
general concept of agency, a cooperative multiagent system defined
within distributed artificial intelligence and robotics, is discussed
together with its particular application to the field of intelligent
instruments. An embryonic example of perceptive agency applied
to the field of environmental monitoring is reported.
Index Terms--Artificial intelligence, cooperative systems, intel-
ligent systems, knowledge-based systems, measurement.
MEASUREMENT techniques always presuppose a the-
oretical model of the phenomenon under observation.
Usually, the construction and the validation of the model under-