Summary: 2 NATURE MATERIALS | VOL 11 | JANUARY 2012 | www.nature.com/naturematerials
Exploiting carbon flatland
Seven years after isolation of the first graphene sheets, an analysis of the densely populated patent
landscape around the two-dimensional material reveals striking differences between universities'
patenting activities and illustrates the challenges of a fast-moving technology space.
n the past 15 years the attitude of academic
researchers in physics, materials science
and chemistry towards patents has
changed enormously. One of the most
notable changes has been how researchers
now value patents as an information
. Indeed, taken together, the
more than 50 million patents globally
form a `library' that not only contains
examples of technology application, but
also information about the scale and