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Category learning and multiple memory systems

Summary: Category learning and multiple
memory systems
F. Gregory Ashby and Jeffrey B. O'Brien
Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
Categorization is a vitally important skill that people use
every day. Early theories of category learning assumed a
single learning system, but recent evidence suggests
that human category learning may depend on many of
the major memory systems that have been hypoth-
esized by memory researchers. As different memory
systems flourish under different conditions, an under-
standing of how categorization uses available memory
systems will improve our understanding of a basic
human skill, lead to better insights into the cognitive
changes that result from a variety of neurological
disorders, and suggest improvements in training pro-
cedures for complex categorization tasks.
Category learning and memory
To categorize is to respond differently to objects or events
in separate classes or categories. It is a skill we perform


Source: Ashby, F. Gregory - Department of Psychology, University of California at Santa Barbara


Collections: Biology and Medicine; Computer Technologies and Information Sciences