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Expander Flows, Geometric Embeddings and Graph Partitioning (Longer version of an ACM STOC 2004 paper)
 

Summary: Expander Flows, Geometric Embeddings and Graph Partitioning
(Longer version of an ACM STOC 2004 paper)
Sanjeev Arora
Satish Rao
Umesh Vazirani
April 2, 2007
Abstract
We give a O(

log n)-approximation algorithm for sparsest cut, edge expansion, balanced sepa-
rator, and graph conductance problems. This improves the O(log n)-approximation of Leighton and
Rao (1988). We use a well-known semidefinite relaxation with triangle inequality constraints. Central to
our analysis is a geometric theorem about projections of point sets in d
, whose proof makes essential
use of a phenomenon called measure concentration.
We also describe an interesting and natural "approximate certificate" for a graph's expansion, which
involves embedding an n-node expander in it with appropriate dilation and congestion. We call this an
expander flow.
1 Introduction
Partitioning a graph into two (or more) large pieces while minimizing the size of the "interface" between

  

Source: Arora, Sanjeev - Department of Computer Science, Princeton University
Mihail, Milena - College of Computing, Georgia Institute of Technology

 

Collections: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences