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RESEARCH ARTICLES Functional Diversification of the Two C-Class MADS Box

Functional Diversification of the Two C-Class MADS Box
Genes OSMADS3 and OSMADS58 in Oryza sativa W OA
Takahiro Yamaguchi,a,1 Dong Yeon Lee,b Akio Miyao,c Hikohiko Hirochika,c Gynheung An,b
and Hiro-Yuki Hiranoa,d,2
a Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan
b Division of Molecular and Life Sciences, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784, Republic of Korea
c National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Kannondai, Tsukuba 305-0856, Japan
d Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
The C-class MADS box gene AGAMOUS (AG) plays crucial roles in Arabidopsis thaliana development by regulating the
organ identity of stamens and carpels, the repression of A-class genes, and floral meristem determinacy. To examine the
conservation and diversification of C-class gene function in monocots, we analyzed two C-class genes in rice (Oryza sativa),
OSMADS3 and OSMADS58, which may have arisen by gene duplication before divergence of rice and maize (Zea mays). A
knockout line of OSMADS3, in which the gene is disrupted by T-DNA insertion, shows homeotic transformation of stamens
into lodicules and ectopic development of lodicules in the second whorl near the palea where lodicules do not form in the
wild type but carpels develop almost normally. By contrast, RNA-silenced lines of OSMADS58 develop astonishing flowers
that reiterate a set of floral organs, including lodicules, stamens, and carpel-like organs, suggesting that determinacy of the
floral meristem is severely affected. These results suggest that the two C-class genes have been partially subfunctionalized
during rice evolution (i.e., the functions regulated by AG have been partially partitioned into two paralogous genes,
OSMADS3 and OSMADS58, which were produced by a recent gene duplication event in plant evolution).


Source: An, Gynheung - Department of Life Science, Pohang University of Science and Technology


Collections: Biotechnology; Biology and Medicine