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Taxonomically, all flowering plants belong to one of two major groups: the monocotyledonous (monocot)
 

Summary: Taxonomically, all flowering plants belong to one of
two major groups: the monocotyledonous (monocot)
or dicotyledonous (dicot) species. Dicots include broad-
leaved herbs and trees, as well as Arabidopsis thaliana,
a species in the mustard family, and the first plant to
have its genome sequenced. The monocots include
cereal crops in the family Poaceae such as rice, wheat,
maize, barley, sorghum and oat. These crops provide the
bulk of the calorific intake of the world's population1
.
At a compact 389 Mb, the rice genome is one-sixth the
size of the maize genome and 40 times smaller than
thewheatgenome2
,makingriceanexcellentmodelforthe
study of cereal genomes310
. Rice also serves as a model
for studies of perennial grasses such as switchgrass
and Miscanthus, which show promise as feedstocks for
biofuel production11
.

  

Source: An, Gynheung - Department of Life Science, Pohang University of Science and Technology

 

Collections: Biotechnology; Biology and Medicine