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August 200462 0272-1708/04/$20.002004IEEE
 

Summary: August 200462
0272-1708/04/$20.002004IEEE
IEEE Control Systems Magazine
F E A T U R EF E A T U R E
Engineering approaches to the
study of biological sciences
F
eedback seems to be the strategy of choice in biological
systems. "Regulation" and "feedback" are terms used by
life scientists to describe and explain various biological
phenomena at the physiological and molecular levels. As
early as 1948, homeostasis, or the ability of biological
mechanisms to restore their equilibrium in the presence
of disturbances (also known as the fixite du milieu interieur), was
attributed by Wiener to feedback control present in these mechanisms
[1]. In his book Cybernetics, or Control and Communication in the Animal
and the Machine, Wiener established the necessity of interaction between
systems theory and the biological sciences. Physiologists [2], [3] and con-
trol engineers [4], [5] shared his perspective, and research projects were initi-
ated in the 1960s and 1970s to study biological regulatory systems using the

  

Source: Akhmedov, Azer - Department of Mathematics, University of California at Santa Barbara

 

Collections: Mathematics