Advanced Search

Browse by Discipline

Scientific Societies

E-print Alerts

Add E-prints

E-print Network

  Advanced Search  

CORRECTED PROOF Copyright The British Psychological Society

Copyright The British Psychological Society
Reproduction in any form (including the internet) is prohibited without prior permission from the Society
Alternative routes to perspective-taking:
Imagination and rule use may be better
than simulation and theorising
Ian A. Apperly*
School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
This article is a commentary on `Two routes to perspective: Simulation and rule-use as
approaches to mentalizing' (Mitchell et al. in press).
Thirty years after Premack and Woodruff (1978) asked whether the chimpanzee has a
theory of mind, the literature on how humans and non-human animals explain and
predict each other's behaviour in terms of unobservable mental states is in a curious
condition. On the one hand, there are clear markers of success, such as the hundreds of
published studies on the causes and consequences of theory of mind in 3- to 5-year-old
children (e.g. Milligan, Astington, & Dack, 2007; Wellman, Cross, & Watson, 2001), and
the impact of the hypothesis that impaired theory of mind may be a core feature of some
developmental and psychiatric disorders, such as autism and schizophrenia (e.g. Baron-
Cohen, Leslie, & Frith, 1985; Frith, 1992). On the other hand, research on theory of


Source: Apperly, Ian - School of Psychology, University of Birmingham


Collections: Biology and Medicine