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Proposals Concerning International Cooperation in the Field of Water and Sanitary 1. To Achieve Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
 

Summary: Proposals Concerning International Cooperation in the Field of Water and Sanitary
1. To Achieve Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
How to wipe out poverty is a problem common in the world. Taking various measures is necessary to
cut the cycle of poverty. Giving people access to safe water and sanitation is one of the important strategies to
cut the cycle of poverty. Currently, about one billion people in the world cannot access safe drinking water.
Moreover, about 2.4 billion people do not have access to appropriate sanitation. Therefore, it is said that 80%
of the disease and 25% of the cause of death in the developing countries can be blamed on polluted water.
2008 was the International Year of Sanitation. A common understanding is that achieving MDGs is a
difficult task in spite of all the effort made all over the world. Particularly, in the case of the countries in
sub-Saharan Africa, accessibility to safe water and to sanitation is not expected to be achieved until 2040 and
2076, respectively.
2. Limitations and Issues Concerning the Current Water System
With the awareness of the difficulty in achieving MDGs in the field of water, it is necessary to think
about the international cooperation in the field of water with an understanding of the limitations and issues
concerning the current water system. The main issuess are as follows:
Issues of the management of water authorities and/or enterprises
Water service systems are comprised of users, an water authorities or enterprises and technologies
that support them. Problems that occur in water business significantly affect the sustainability of the
water system.
Water authorities, especially which provide sewerage services, often face financial difficulty in

  

Source: Arai, Zin - Department of Mathematics, Kyoto University

 

Collections: Mathematics