University of Washington Math 523A Lecture 5 Lecturer: Eyal Lubetzky Summary: University of Washington Math 523A Lecture 5 Lecturer: Eyal Lubetzky Monday, April 13, 2009 1 Review: Doob's martingales on G(n, p) Let G = (V, E) be a graph on n vertices and f a function on such graphs. The vertex set of G is V = {v1, . . . , vn}, the edge set E is a subset of {e1, . . . , em}, where m = n 2 . Suppose that G G(n, p), i.e. the edges of G are IID Bernoulli(p). Last time we saw two special cases of Doob's martingale process applied to G(n, p), namely the edge exposure martingale Xt = E[f(G) | 1{e1G}, . . . , 1{etG}], and the vertex exposure martingale Yt = E[f(G) | G|{v1,...,vt+1}]. Here G|{v1,...,vt+1} denotes the induced subgraph on {v1, . . . , vt+1}. Note that for the vertex exposure martingale Yt, the vertex vt+1 is revealed at time t, along with the t edges (or nonedges) connecting vt+1 to each vertex in {v1, . . . , vt}. Last time we saw that for f = (the chromatic number of G), the vertex exposure martingale Yt satisfies |Yt - Yt-1| 1, which allowed us to apply the Hoeffding-Azuma inequality to prove that n, p, if G G(n, p), then P (|(G) - E(G)| > a Collections: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences