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6-025 (O) The Joint International Conference on "Sustainable Energy and Environment (SEE)" 1-3 December 2004, Hua Hin, Thailand
 

Summary: 6-025 (O) The Joint International Conference on "Sustainable Energy and Environment (SEE)"
1-3 December 2004, Hua Hin, Thailand
743
1. INTRODUCTION
In the US, the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments mandated
the use of oxygenated fuels in areas where ambient carbon
monoxide (CO) exceeds federal standards. This requirement
was based in part on the modeled success of the oxygenated
fuels program, piloted along the Colorado Front Range. In
1987 the Colorado Air Quality Control Commission adopted
the first regulations in the US requiring that oxygenated fuels
(oxyfuels) be sold along much of the Colorado Front Range
[1]. All automotive fuel sold in the Denver metropolitan area
was required to contain 1.5% oxygen by weight from January
1 through February 28, 1988. During this first year the
oxygenate requirements were met with about 95% of the fuel
sold being an 8% by volume mixture of methyl tertiary butyl
ether (MTBE) and gasoline. The remainder of the fuel sold
was a 10% by volume blend of ethanol and gasoline [1]. In
subsequent years, the program required motor vehicle fuels to

  

Source: Anderson, Larry G.- Department of Chemistry, University of Colorado at Denver

 

Collections: Environmental Management and Restoration Technologies; Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization