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Research Article Initial Training With Difficult

Summary: Research Article
Initial Training With Difficult
Items Facilitates Information
Integration, but Not Rule-Based
Category Learning
Brian J. Spiering and F. Gregory Ashby
University of California, Santa Barbara
ABSTRACT--Previous research has disagreed about wheth-
er a difficult cognitive skill is best learned by beginning
with easy or difficult examples. Two experiments that
clarify this debate are reported. Participants in both
experiments received one of three types of training on a
difficult perceptual categorization task. In one condition,
participants began with easy examples, then moved to
examples of intermediate difficulty, and finished with the
most difficult examples. In a second condition, this order
was reversed, and in a third condition, participants saw
examples in a random order. The results depended on the
type of categories that participants were learning. When
the categories could be learned via explicit reasoning


Source: Ashby, F. Gregory - Department of Psychology, University of California at Santa Barbara


Collections: Biology and Medicine; Computer Technologies and Information Sciences