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P R O S O D IC C O N S T R A IN T S IN M O R P H O S Y N T A C T IC D O M A IN S *
 

Summary: P R O S O D IC C O N S T R A IN T S IN M O R P H O S Y N T A C T IC
D O M A IN S *
Clitics are a famous topic challenging the modularity in grammatical organisation
inasmuch as they cannot be adequately interpreted as exclusively belonging to one
particular level of linguistic description. Various phenomena related to cliticisation,
which are observable across languages, suggest that any description of clitic placement
should take into consideration the interaction between (prosodic) phonology and
(morpho)syntax.
According to Nespor and Vogel 1986, whether or not an element is a clitic should be
decided on the basis of non-phonological criteria, but a specific place must be created in
phonological theory for clitics. In this theory, the hybrid nature of clitics - their
intermediate position between affixes and words - is reflected in the phonological
component of the grammar by positing a distinct construct between the phonological
word (which groups affixes with stems) and the phonological phrase (which groups
words with other words), namely, the clitic group. It directly dominates one or more
phonological words, but there is non-isomorphism between this particular level of
prosodic structure and any construct of the morphosyntactic hierarchy. Recall in this
context the commonly observed mismatch between the direction of (prosodic)
attachment and syntactic structure, as well as the mechanism of prosodic inversion that
is worked out in, e.g., Halpern 1995.

  

Source: Avgustinova, Tania - Department of Computational Linguistics and Phonetics, Universitšt des Saarlandes

 

Collections: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences