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INFANCY, 4(3), 389421 Copyright 2003, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Summary: INFANCY, 4(3), 389­421
Copyright © 2003, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
The Nature of Infants'Visual Expectations
for Event Content
Scott A. Adler
Department of Psychology
York University
Marshall M. Haith
University of Denver
Recent studies have revealed that young infants can form expectations for the spatial
location of future visual events. Four experiments examined whether 3-month-old
infants also form expectations for content features of events, defined as an invariant
color combination. Infants viewed a spatially alternating (left­right) sequence of
varying pictures in which pictures on one side (invariant colors) always appeared
with the same color combination (e.g., red/green), while on the other side (varied
colors) the pictures appeared with any of 4 possible color combinations. Results in-
dicated that infants formed a content expectation for the invariant color combination
on the invariant side, such that their anticipatory responding was disrupted by a
novel color combination event and by a novel pattern event. A dissociation between
reactive and anticipatory eye movements in their sensitivity to the content manipu-


Source: Adler, Scott A. - Centre for Vision Research & Department of Psychology, York University (Toronto)


Collections: Biology and Medicine