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How to play two-players restricted quantum games with 10 cards

Summary: How to play two-players restricted quantum
games with 10 cards
Diederik Aerts and Bart D'Hooghe
Leo Apostel Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies, Vrije Universiteit Brussel,
Krijgskundestraat 33, 1160 Brussels, Belgium
Andrzej Posiewnik and Jaroslaw Pykacz
Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics and Institute of Mathematics,
University of GdaŽnsk, 80-952 GdaŽnsk, Poland
Jeroen Dehaene and Bart De Moor
SISTA, Department of Electrical Engineering (ESAT), Faculty of Engineering,
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
We show that it is possible to play `restricted' two-players quantum games proposed
originally by Marinatto and Weber [1] by purely macroscopic means, in the sim-
plest case having as the only equipment a pack of 10 cards. Our example shows also
that some apparently `genuine quantum' results, even those that emerge as a con-
sequence of dealing with entangled states, can be obtained by suitable application
of Kolmogorovian probability calculus and secondary-school mathematics, without
application of the `Hilbert space machinery'.
Key words: quantum games, macroscopic simulation


Source: Aerts, Diederik - Leo Apostel Centre, Vrije Universiteit Brussel


Collections: Multidisciplinary Databases and Resources; Physics