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Impacts of contrasting land-use history on composition, soils, and development of mixed-oak, coastal plain forests on Shelter
 

Summary: Impacts of contrasting land-use history on composition, soils,
and development of mixed-oak, coastal plain forests on Shelter
Island, New York
Marc D. Abrams1,2
and Vanessa L. W. Hayes
School of Forest Resources, 307 Forest Resources Building, Penn State University,
University Park, PA 16802
ABRAMS, MARC D. AND VANESSA L. W. HAYES (School of Forest Resources, Forest Resources Building,
Penn State University, University Park, PA 16802). Impacts of contrasting land-use history on composition,
soils, and development of mixed-oak, coastal plain forests on Shelter Island, New York. J. Torrey Bot. Soc.
135: 3752. 2008.--The Mashomack Preserve on Shelter Island, New York contains one of the premier oak-
dominated coastal plain forests in the northeastern U.S. It represents a unique opportunity to study woody
species in juxtaposed forests that differ primarily in past land-use (logging versus agriculture). We researched
how contrasting land-use history affected: 1) tree species composition, size, and age structure; 2) soil
chemistry and morphology; 3) the dominance of Smilax, a native invasive shrub; and 4) the historical
ecology and successional pathways. Randomly located plots were sampled for vegetation and soils in the
unplowed interior forest versus the maritime forest that was cleared and/or plowed for agriculture and
grazing in the 18th
and 19th
centuries and then abandoned after 1870. The upper soil profile was examined for

  

Source: Abrams, Marc David - School of Forest Resources, Pennsylvania State University

 

Collections: Environmental Sciences and Ecology