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Where do the H atoms reside in PdHx systems? RICCARDA CAPUTO1,2
 

Summary: Where do the H atoms reside in PdHx systems?
RICCARDA CAPUTO1,2
and ALI ALAVI2
*
1
University of Rome `La Sapienza', Physics Department,
P. le A. Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy
2
University of Cambridge, Chemistry Department, Lensfield Road,
Cambridge CB2 1EW, UK
(Received 11 December 2002; accepted 22 January 2003)
We present an ab initio density-functional theory study of PdHx systems. We evaluated the
total energy of PdHx systems with the H atoms occupying interstitial (octahedral and
tetrahedral) sites of a Pd supercell, allowing for the relaxation of the coordinates and supercell
dimensions. The majority of our calculations were based on supercells consisting of four Pd
atoms, and up to four H atoms, covering the range from x 0:25 to x 1. In addition some
larger calculations are reported. In order to compare the relative stability of systems at
different values of x (at fixed pressure and temperature T P 0), we computed the enthalpy
of formation Hf x of the (non)stoichiometric systems. In the regime x 0 ! 1, the Hf x
decrease in a manner indicative of the existence of attractive interactions between the dissolved

  

Source: Alavi, Ali - Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge

 

Collections: Chemistry