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HYPERBOLIC SURFACES WITH PRESCRIBED INFINITE SYMMETRY GROUPS
 

Summary: HYPERBOLIC SURFACES WITH PRESCRIBED
INFINITE SYMMETRY GROUPS
DANIEL ALLCOCK
Abstract. For any countable group G whatsoever, there is a
complete hyperbolic surface whose isometry group is G. The ar­
gument is elementary.
Greenberg proved in 1972 [2] that for any finite group G there is a
closed hyperbolic 2­manifold having isometry group isomorphic to G.
Kojima proved the corresponding result for hyperbolic 3­manifolds [3].
Following work of Long and Reid [4], Belolipetsky and Lubotzky ex­
tended this to hyperbolic manifolds of arbitrary dimension [1]. Our
purpose here is to give a generalization in a di#erent direction, which
also provides an elementary proof of Greenberg's original theorem.
Theorem. For any countable group G, there is a complete hyperbolic
surface X having isometry group isomorphic to G. When G is finite,
X may be taken to be closed.
We build X by gluing together pairs of pants. A pair of pants is a
surface homeomorphic to the 2­sphere minus three open disks whose
closures are disjoint, equipped with a hyperbolic metric under which the
boundary curves are geodesic. (All boundary curves in this note are as­

  

Source: Allcock, Daniel - Department of Mathematics, University of Texas at Austin

 

Collections: Mathematics