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Stream Restoration in the Upper Midwest, U.S.A. Gretchen G. Alexander1

Summary: Stream Restoration in the Upper Midwest, U.S.A.
Gretchen G. Alexander1
and J. David Allan1,2
Restoration activities intended to improve the condition
of streams and rivers are widespread throughout the
Upper Midwest, U.S.A. As with other regions, however,
little information exists regarding types of activities and
their effectiveness. We developed a database of 1,345
stream restoration projects implemented from the years
1970 to 2004 for the states of Michigan, Ohio, and Wiscon-
sin in order to analyze regional trends in goals, presence
of monitoring, spatial distribution, size, and cost of river
restoration projects. We found that data on individual
projects were fragmented across multiple federal, state,
and county agencies, as well as nonprofit groups and
consulting firms. The most common restoration goals re-
ported for this region were in-stream habitat improve-
ment, bank stabilization, water-quality management, and
dam removal. The former two were most common in


Source: Allan, David - School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan


Collections: Environmental Sciences and Ecology