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Graded recall success: an event-related fMRI comparison of tip of the tongue and feeling of knowing
 

Summary: Graded recall success: an event-related fMRI comparison of tip of the
tongue and feeling of knowing
Anat Maril,a,* Jon S. Simons,a,b
Josh J. Weaver,a
and Daniel L. Schactera
a
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, USA
b
Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, UK
Received 17 May 2004; revised 5 October 2004; accepted 25 October 2004
Available online 15 December 2004
Insights into memory retrieval processes can be obtained by examining
graded recall success, specifically, tip-of-the-tongue (TOT) and feeling-
of-knowing (FOK) states. TOT is defined as a recall failure accom-
panied by a strong feeling of imminent retrieval, and FOK as a recall
failure accompanied by a feeling of future ability to recognize the item.
The present fMRI study examined the brain regions associated with
both intermediate retrieval states in a within-subject, within-memory
system design. Subjects were presented with general knowledge
questions and were instructed to respond to each with one of four

  

Source: Anat, Maril, - Departments of Psychology & Cognitive Science, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Schacter, Daniel - Department of Psychology, Harvard University

 

Collections: Biology and Medicine