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Atmospheric Environment 42 (2008) 32773290 Characterizing ammonia and hydrogen sulfide emissions from

Summary: Atmospheric Environment 42 (2008) 3277­3290
Characterizing ammonia and hydrogen sulfide emissions from
a swine waste treatment lagoon in North Carolina
Jessica BlundenĆ, Viney P. Aneja
Department of Marine, Earth, and Atmospheric Sciences, North Carolina State University, 1125 Jordan Hall,
Box 8208, Raleigh, NC 27695-8208, USA
Received 18 September 2006; received in revised form 5 February 2007; accepted 9 February 2007
Emissions of atmospheric ammonia­nitrogen (NH3-N, where NH3-N ¼ (14/17)NH3) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) from a
commercial anaerobic swine waste treatment lagoon (17,150 m2
at normal liquid level) were measured over a 1-year period.
Continuous simultaneous measurements were made at the lagoon using a dynamic flow-through chamber system for $1
week during four seasons, October­November 2004 (fall), February 2005 (winter), April 2005 (spring), and June 2005
(summer) in an effort to examine diurnal and seasonal variability, and the respective relationships of NH3-N and H2S
emissions to lagoon physicochemical properties. Continuously measured lagoon physicochemical parameters include
lagoon surface temperature and lagoon pH. Aqueous lagoon samples were collected daily and analyzed for total Kjeldahl
nitrogen (TKN), total ammoniacal nitrogen (TAN), and total sulfide concentration. TKN, TAN, and sulfide
concentrations ranged from 400­650, 360­590, and 0.1­13.0 mg LĄ1
, respectively. For NH3-N, the largest fluxes were
observed during the summer (44200 mg N mĄ2


Source: Aneja, Viney P. - Department of Marine, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, North Carolina State University


Collections: Environmental Sciences and Ecology; Geosciences