Packing and Covering Dense Graphs Raphael Yuster Summary: Packing and Covering Dense Graphs Noga Alon Yair Caro Raphael Yuster Abstract Let d be a positive integer. A graph G is called d-divisible if d divides the degree of each vertex of G. G is called nowhere d-divisible if no degree of a vertex of G is divisible by d. For a graph H, gcd(H) denotes the greatest common divisor of the degrees of the vertices of H. The H-packing number of G is the maximum number of pairwise edge disjoint copies of H in G. The H-covering number of G is the minimum number of copies of H in G whose union covers all edges of G. Our main result is the following: For every fixed graph H with gcd(H) = d, there exist positive constants (H) and N(H) such that if G is a graph with at least N(H) vertices and has minimum degree at least (1 - (H))|G|, then the H-packing number of G and the H-covering number of G can be computed in polynomial time. Furthermore, if G is either d-divisible or nowhere d-divisible, then there is a closed formula for the H-packing number of G, and the H-covering number of G. Further extensions and solutions to related problems are also given. 1 Introduction All graphs considered here are finite, undirected and simple, unless otherwise noted. For the standard graph-theoretic terminology the reader is referred to [1]. Let H be a graph without Collections: Mathematics