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Tania Avgustinova (tania@coli.uni-sb.de) FDSL-3, Leipzig 1999 Distinguishing argument structure, syntactic dependents and valence in HPSG

Summary: Tania Avgustinova (tania@coli.uni-sb.de) FDSL-3, Leipzig 1999
Distinguishing argument structure, syntactic dependents and valence in HPSG
We discuss an alternative to the recently proposed HPSG analyses of binding by [Manning and Sag
1998] and causatives by [Manning et al. 1998] that is consistent with the lexicalist analysis of extraction
proposed in [Bouma et al. 1998, 1999], and, in addition, creatively incorporates basic linguistic insights
from the long-standing dependency grammar tradition. We promote the view that various phenomena
that have traditionally been described in terms of surface configurations, surface grammatical relations,
valence lists or even argument structure configurations are better described in terms of constrained
mappings between the inherent lexical argument structure (ARG-ST) of a predicate, its actual syntactic
dependents (DEPS) and its local combinatorial potential (VALENCE).
Furthermore, we show that the standard HPSG division among the arguments of a verb into core and
oblique, whereby 'term' is used as a synonym of 'core', is unsatisfactory for Slavic. This assumption
has to be refined by distinguishing (at least) two orthogonal dimensions in the taxonomy of arguments:
core vs. non-core and term vs. oblique. We sketch this in Figure 1. As a corollary, the following cross-
linguistic generalisations can now be stated as constraints on types in a multiple-inheritance hierarchy:
∑ grammatical case is assigned to core arguments;
∑ head-marking "agreement morphology" involves core arguments;
∑ only core arguments may be linked to the EXPERIENCER thematic role;
∑ only core arguments may control the unexpressed subject (the a-subject) of infinitival complements;


Source: Avgustinova, Tania - Department of Computational Linguistics and Phonetics, Universitšt des Saarlandes


Collections: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences