Home

About

Advanced Search

Browse by Discipline

Scientific Societies

E-print Alerts

Add E-prints

E-print Network
FAQHELPSITE MAPCONTACT US


  Advanced Search  

 
BQP and the Polynomial Hierarchy Scott Aaronson #
 

Summary: BQP and the Polynomial Hierarchy
Scott Aaronson #
Abstract
The relationship between BQP and PH has been an open problem since the earliest days
of quantum computing. We present evidence that quantum computers can solve problems
outside the entire polynomial hierarchy, by relating this question to topics in circuit complexity,
pseudorandomness, and Fourier analysis.
First, we show that there exists an oracle relation problem (i.e., a problem with many valid
outputs) that is solvable in BQP, but not in PH. This also yields a non­oracle relation problem
that is solvable in quantum logarithmic time, but not in AC 0 .
Second, we show that an oracle decision problem separating BQP from PH would follow
from the Generalized Linial­Nisan Conjecture, which we formulate here and which is likely of
independent interest. The original Linial­Nisan Conjecture (about pseudorandomness against
constant­depth circuits) was recently proved by Braverman, after being open for twenty years.
Contents
1 Introduction 2
1.1 Motivation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.2 Our Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.3 In Defense of Oracles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2 Preliminaries 8

  

Source: Aaronson, Scott - Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

 

Collections: Physics; Computer Technologies and Information Sciences