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www.sciencemag.org SCIENCE VOL 308 6 MAY 2005 757 ext month, U.S. scientists Vinton G. Cerf and Robert E. Kahn will receive computing's highest prize,
 

Summary: EDITORIAL
www.sciencemag.org SCIENCE VOL 308 6 MAY 2005 757
N
ext month, U.S. scientists Vinton G. Cerf and Robert E. Kahn will receive computing's highest prize,
theA. M.TuringAward, from theAssociation for Computing Machinery.TheirTransmission Control
Protocol (TCP), created in 1973, became the language of the Internet. Twenty years later, the Mosaic
Web browser gave the Internet its public face. TCP and Mosaic illustrate the nature of computer
science research, combining a quest for fundamental understanding with considerations of use.They
also illustrate the essential role of government-sponsored university-based research in producing the
ideas and people that drive innovation in information technology (IT).
Recent changes in the U.S. funding landscape have put this innovation pipeline at risk. The Defense Advanced
Research ProjectsAgency (DARPA) funded TCP. The shock of the Soviet satellite Sputnik in 1957 led to the creation
of the agency, which was charged with preventing future technological surprises. From its inception, DARPA funded
long-term nonclassified IT research in academia, even during several wars, to leverage all the best minds. Much of this
research was dual-use, with the results ultimately advancing military systems
and spurring the IT industry.
U.S. IT research grew largely under DARPA and the National Science
Foundation(NSF).NSFreliedonpeerreview,whereasDARPAbetonvisionand
reputation, complementary approaches that served the nation well. Over the past
4 decades, the resulting research has laid the foundation for the modern micro-

  

Source: Anderson, Richard - Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Washington at Seattle

 

Collections: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences