 
Summary: Physics 408 Final Exam Name___________________________________________
You are graded on your work (with partial credit where it is deserved) so please do not just write down
answers with no explanation!
Please give clear, wellorganized, understandable solutions.
h = 6.63×1034
J s [Planck's constant] k = 1.38 ×1023
J/K [Boltzmann constant]
c = 3.00 ×108
m/s [speed of light] me = 9.11×1031
kg [mass of electron]
1 eV = 1.60 ×1019
J and
1 eV
k
= 11,600 K
The variables have their usual meanings: E = energy, S = entropy, V = volume, N = number of particles,
T = temperature, P = pressure, µ = chemical potential, B =applied magnetic field, CV = heat capacity at
constant volume, F = Helmholtz free energy, k = Boltzmann constant. Also, represents an average.
In case you have a Rick Perry moment at this early hour, let us remind you that dE = TdS  PdV + µdN !
1. The enthalpy H S,P,N( ) is defined by H = E + PV .
