Summary: This is a preprint of an Article published in Conservation Biology vol. 18, no. 2 (April 2004), pages
526-537. © 2004, the Society for Conservation Biology
Integrating Landscape and Metapopulation Modeling
Approaches: Viability of the Sharp-tailed Grouse in a
H. RET AKÇAKAYA1*
, VOLKER C. RADELOFF2
, DAVID J. MLADENOFF2
AND HONG S. HE3
Applied Biomathematics, 100 North Country Road, Setauket, NY 11733, U.S.A.
Department of Forest Ecology and Management, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.A.
School of Natural Resources, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211 U.S.A
Abstract: The scale of natural resource management is currently changing from local or stand scale to the
landscape scale. The lack of management experience at this scale, and the limited feasibility of experiments
have increased the use of scenario modeling to analyze the effects of different management actions on focal
species. However, current modeling approaches are poorly suited for the analysis of viability in dynamic
landscapes. Demographic (e.g., metapopulation) models of species living in these landscapes do not