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1. INTRODUCTION Nowadays, many organizations form dynamic partnerships
 

Summary: 1. INTRODUCTION
Nowadays, many organizations form dynamic partnerships
to effectively deal with market requirements. Companies
focus on their core business and outsource secondary activi-
ties to other organizations. Growing complexity of products
requires co-makership relations between organizations. Val-
ue chains require a tight cooperation between companies
participating in these chains. As a result, the creation of vir-
tual organizations has become a major issue. To enable their
operation, the information processing infrastructures of the
participating organizations need to be linked. In the context
of the close cooperation between companies, automated sup-
port for processes crossing organizational boundaries is an
essential element [27]. The advent of business-to-business
electronic commerce adds a dynamic dimension to this: vir-
tual enterprises are formed and dismantled dynamically in
rapidly evolving markets. Consequently, their process sup-
port infrastructure must be constructed dynamically. Work-
flow management systems that control the processes in the
individual organizations are a key element here.

  

Source: Aberer, Karl - Faculté Informatique et Communications, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

 

Collections: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences