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10.1177/1534582304270782 BEHAVIORAL AND COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE REVIEWS
 

Summary: 10.1177/1534582304270782
BEHAVIORAL AND COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE REVIEWS
Ashby, Spiering / NEUROBIOLOGY OF CATEGORY LEARNING
The Neurobiology of Category Learning
F. Gregory Ashby
Brian J. Spiering
University of California, Santa Barbara
Many recent studies have examined the neural basis of category
learning. Behavioral neuroscience results suggest that both the
prefrontal cortex and the basal ganglia play important category-
learning roles; neurons that develop category-specific firing
properties are found in both regions, and lesions to both areas
cause category-learning deficits. Similar studies indicate that
the inferotemporal cortex does not mediate the learning of new
categories. The cognitive neuroscience literature on category
learning appears contradictory until the results are partitioned
according to the type of category-learning task that was used.
Three major tasks can be identified: rule based, information-
integration, and prototype-distortion. Recent results are consis-
tent with the hypotheses that (a) learning in rule-based tasks

  

Source: Ashby, F. Gregory - Department of Psychology, University of California at Santa Barbara

 

Collections: Biology and Medicine; Computer Technologies and Information Sciences