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Statistical properties and shell analysis in random cellular structures T. Aste,* K. Y. Szeto, and W. Y. Tam
 

Summary: Statistical properties and shell analysis in random cellular structures
T. Aste,* K. Y. Szeto, and W. Y. Tam
Department of Physics, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Received 24 April 1996
We investigate the statistical properties of two-dimensional random cellular systems froths in terms of their
shell structure. The froth is analyzed as a system of concentric layers of cells around a given central cell. We
derive exact analytical relations for the topological properties of the sets of cells belonging to these layers.
Experimental observations of the shell structure of two-dimensional soap froth are made and compared with
the results on two kinds of Voronoi constructions. It is found that there are specific differences between soap
froths and purely geometrical constructions. In particular these systems differ in the topological charge of
clusters as a function of shell number, in the asymptotic values of defect concentrations, and in the number of
cells in a given layer. We derive approximate expressions with no free parameters which correctly explain
these different behaviors. S1063-651X 96 13111-1
PACS number s : 82.70. y, 68.90. g
I. INTRODUCTION
Materials consisting of cellular structures such as metal
grains and biological tissues are common in nature 1,2 .
Among these systems, soap froth is considered to be the
paradigm for the study of trivalent two-dimensional cellular
structures. The structural analysis of two-dimensional cellu-

  

Source: Aste, Tomaso - Department of Applied Mathematics, Australian National University

 

Collections: Physics