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Visibility Queries and Maintenance in Simple Polygons # Boris Aronov + Leonidas J. Guibas # Marek Teichmann Li Zhang

Summary: Visibility Queries and Maintenance in Simple Polygons #
Boris Aronov + Leonidas J. Guibas # Marek Teichmann § Li Zhang ¶
In this paper we explore some novel aspects of visibility for stationary and moving points
inside a simple polygon P . We provide a mechanism for expressing the visibility polygon from
a point as the disjoint union of logarithmically many canonical pieces using a quadratic­space
data structure. This allows us to report visibility polygons in time proportional to their size, but
without the cubic space overhead of earlier methods. The same canonical decomposition can be
used to determine visibility within a frustum, or to compute various attributes of the visibility
polygon e#ciently. By exploring the connection between visibility polygons and shortest­path
trees, we obtain a kinetic algorithm that can track the visibility polygon as the viewpoint moves
along polygonal paths inside P , at a polylogarithmic cost per combinatorial change in the
visibility or in the flight plan of the point. The combination of the static and kinetic algorithms
leads to a new static algorithm in which we can trade o# space for increased overhead in the
query time. As another application, we obtain an algorithm which computes the weak visibility
polygon from a query segment inside P in output­sensitive time.
# Boris Aronov was partially supported by NSF Grant CCR­92­11541 and a Sloan Research Fellowship. Leonidas
Guibas and Li Zhang were partially supported by NSF grants CCR­9623851, CCR­9910633, U.S. Army Research O#ce
MURI grant DAAH04­96­1­0007, and DARPA TMR grant DAAE07­98­L027. Marek Teichmann was supported by
the National Science and Engineering Council of Canada.


Source: Aronov, Boris - Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Polytechnic Institute of New York University


Collections: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences