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Detection of Methane in the Atmosphere of Mars
 

Summary: Detection of Methane in the
Atmosphere of Mars
Vittorio Formisano,1
* Sushil Atreya,2
The´re`se Encrenaz,3
Nikolai Ignatiev,4,1
Marco Giuranna1
We report a detection of methane in the martian atmosphere by the Planetary
Fourier Spectrometer onboard the Mars Express spacecraft. The global average
methane mixing ratio is found to be 10 T 5 parts per billion by volume (ppbv).
However, the mixing ratio varies between 0 and 30 ppbv over the planet. The
source of methane could be either biogenic or nonbiogenic, including past or
present subsurface microorganisms, hydrothermal activity, or cometary
impacts.
Methane (CH4) is an important tracer of
possible biological, internal, or atmospheric
processes on Mars. The possibility of methane-
producing bacteria or microorganisms on
Mars has been suggested in the past (1, 2).
The source of methane could also be in

  

Source: Atreya, Sushil - Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Science, University of Michigan

 

Collections: Physics