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Solute Diffusion in Liquid Nickel Measured by Pulsed Ion Beam Melting
 

Summary: Solute Diffusion in Liquid Nickel Measured by Pulsed Ion
Beam Melting
J.P. LEONARD, T.J. RENK, M.O. THOMPSON, and M.J. AZIZ
Measurements of liquid-phase diffusion coefficients for dilute tungsten and molybdenum in molten nickel
were made using a pulsed ion-beam melting technique. A high-intensity beam of nitrogen ions is
focused on the surface of a nickel substrate that was implanted with known concentration profiles of W
and Mo. Melting of the surface to a depth of 1 m allows broadening of the implant profiles while
molten. Solute concentration-depth profiles were determined before and after melting using Rutherford
backscattering spectrometry. Using a series of numerical simulations to estimate the melt history and
diffusional broadening for mean liquid temperatures in the range 1755 to 2022 K, an effective diffusion
coefficient is determined in each case by comparison to the measured depth profiles. This is found to be
(2.4 0.2) 10 5
cm2
/s for W and (1.6 0.4) 10 5
cm2
/s for Mo, with an additional systematic
uncertainty of 0.5 10 5
due to instrumental and surface effects.
I. INTRODUCTION
NICKEL alloys have important high-temperature structural

  

Source: Aziz, Michael J.- School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University

 

Collections: Physics; Materials Science