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2006 Nature Publishing Group Cortical substrates for exploratory decisions in
 

Summary: © 2006 Nature Publishing Group
Cortical substrates for exploratory decisions in
humans
Nathaniel D. Daw1
*, John P. O'Doherty2
*, Peter Dayan1
, Ben Seymour2
& Raymond J. Dolan2
Decision making in an uncertain environment poses a conflict
between the opposing demands of gathering and exploiting infor-
mation. In a classic illustration of this `exploration­exploitation'
dilemma1
, a gambler choosing between multiple slot machines
balances the desire to select what seems, on the basis of accumu-
lated experience, the richest option, against the desire to choose a
less familiar option that might turn out more advantageous (and
thereby provide information for improving future decisions). Far
from representing idle curiosity, such exploration is often critical
for organisms to discover how best to harvest resources such as
food and water. In appetitive choice, substantial experimental

  

Source: Andrzejak, Ralph Gregor - Departament de Tecnologia, Universitat Pompeu Fabra
Cottrell, Garrison W. - Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of California at San Diego
Daw, Nathaniel - Center for Neural Science & Department of Psychology, New York University
Dayan, Peter - Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit, University College London

 

Collections: Biology and Medicine; Computer Technologies and Information Sciences