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PROSODIC STRUCTURE, PERFORMANCE STRUCTURE AND PHRASE STRUCTURE
 

Summary: PROSODIC STRUCTURE, PERFORMANCE
STRUCTURE AND PHRASE STRUCTURE
Steven Abney
Bell Communications Research
445 South St., Morristown, NJ 07962-1910
ABSTRACT
It is natural to expect phrase structure to be important in
predicting prosodic phrasing. Yet there appears to be a
concensus that syntactic phrases do not correspond well to
prosodic phrasing, and independent structures have been pro-
posed to account for prosody.
I propose that the problem with phrase structure lies with
the particular measures of boundary strength applied to syn-
tactic structures, and with the fact that phrase structure is
viewed as an immediate constituency tree exclusively. I pro-
pose viewing phrase structure as a composite of immediate
constituency and dependency relations, and present an alter-
native measure of boundary strength. I show that boundary
strength according to this measure corresponds much more
closely to empirical prosodic (and psycholinguistic) boundary

  

Source: Abney, Steven P. - School of Information, University of Michigan

 

Collections: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences