Summary: Phytologia (December 2010) 92(3)424
SEED DISPERSAL IN JUNIPERUS: A REVIEW
Robert P. Adams
Biology Department, Baylor University, Box 97388, Waco, TX
76798, USA, email Robert_Adams@baylor.edu
2200 W. Winchester Lane, Cottonwood AZ 86326
The dispersal of Juniperus seeds is reviewed. Although birds
are the major dispersal agents, mammals can be significant, but even
harvester ants have been found to carry berries up to 15 m to their nests,
then remove the pulp and deposit the seeds outside their mounds.
Phytologia 92(3): 424-434 (December 1, 2010).
KEY WORDS: Seed dispersal, Juniperus, birds, mammals, harvester
The seminal paper in juniper seed dispersal was by Phillips
(1910). His oft-cited paper was based on six years of field observations
and interviews with naturalists concerning the dispersal of seeds of
several Juniperus species. Phillips noted that because many juniper