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Noninvasive techniques for probing neurocircuitry and treating illness: vagus nerve stimulation (VNS),
 

Summary: Noninvasive techniques for probing neurocircuitry
and treating illness: vagus nerve stimulation (VNS),
transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial
direct current stimulation (tDCS)
Mark S George*,1,2,3,4
and Gary Aston-Jones5
1
Departments of Psychiatry, Radiology and Neuroscience, Institute of Psychiatry, MUSC Center for Advanced Imaging
Research, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA; 2
SC Brain Imaging Center of Economic Excellence,
Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA; 3
Brain Stimulation Laboratory, Medical University of South
Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA; 4
Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center, Charleston, SC, USA; 5
Murray Chair of Excellence in
Neuroscience, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
Although the preceding chapters discuss much of the new knowledge of neurocircuitry of neuropsychiatric diseases, and an
invasive approach to treatment, this chapter describes and reviews the noninvasive methods of testing circuit-based theories
and treating neuropsychiatric diseases that do not involve implanting electrodes into the brain or on its surface. These
techniques are transcranial magnetic stimulation, vagus nerve stimulation, and transcranial direct current stimulation. Two of

  

Source: Aston-Jones, Gary - Department of Neurosciences, Medical University of South Carolina

 

Collections: Biology and Medicine