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An Introduction to the Theory of Crystalline Elemental Solids and their Surfaces

Summary: An Introduction to the Theory of Crystalline Elemental Solids
and their Surfaces
Angelos Michaelides1-2
and Matthias Scheffler1
1Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft,
Faradayweg 4-6, 14195 Berlin, Germany
2London Centre for Nanotechnology and Department of Chemistry,
University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
1. Introduction
The purpose of this chapter is to provide a basic and general introduction to the physical
properties and electronic structures of elemental crystalline solids and their surfaces. Its
main aim is to set the stage for what follows in the rest of this volume by providing
a general overview of solids and their surfaces. We shall thus, in most circumstances,
refrain from going into details.
By its very nature as an introductory text much of what we say will have been said
before, though we will present it with our own personal and, hopefully, up-to-date
perspective. And, on the basis that one must understand elemental (i.e., one component)
systems before one can understand compounds and other binary materials, elemental
solids and surfaces alone will be considered. On a similar basis the surfaces we discuss
will mostly be flat, clean, and defect free. In addition, for reasons of space or because


Source: Alavi, Ali - Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge


Collections: Chemistry