 
Summary: Online and Approximation Algorithms Fall Semester, 2011/12
Exercise 3: Jan 4, 2012
Lecturer: Prof. Yossi Azar
Write short but full and accurate answers. Each solution should appear on a separate page and each of its parts
should not exceed a page.
1. We are given a connected graph G = (V, E). All edges have unit capacity. At step i we receive a request
to allocate a bandwidth pi on a specific path Qi. If we allocate the bandwidth on the path we receive
benefit of bi otherwise, we receive no benefit. Also for some known value F and for all i, 1 bi/pi F
and pi 1
log(2V F+2). Our goal is to maximize the total benefit while maintaining the capacity constraints.
Design an O(log(V F)) competitive algorithm.
2. Consider admission control for the edge disjoint paths problem on a star (a center with k paths each of n
edges). The goal is to maximize the number of accepted paths.
(a) Design a deterministic preemptive algorithm which is O(log n) competitive.
(b) Design a randomized nonpreemptive algorithm which is O(log n) competitive.
3. Suppose we are given one machine and a set of jobs that arrive over time. The machine can process one job
at a time and may preempt jobs. The duration of a job is known at its release time and the benefit of a job
is equal to its duration. In order to get the benefit of a job it must be processed immediately at its release
time and should not be preempted until its completion.
(a) Design a 4 competitive algorithm for the problem.
