Summary: Anthropic agency: a multiagent system for
, Marco Dini, Nicola Gatti, Marco Somalvico
Artificial Intelligence and Robotics Project, Dipartimento di Elettronica e Informazione,
Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, I-20133 Milano, Italy
Received 26 August 2002; received in revised form 18 October 2002; accepted 18 October 2002
Multiagent systems are powerful and flexible tools for modelling and regulating complex
phenomena. In fact, a way to manage the complexity of a phenomenon is to decompose it in such
a way that each agent embeds the control model for a portion of the phenomenon. In this perspective,
the cooperative interaction among the agents results in the controller for the whole phenomenon.
Since the portions in which the phenomenon is decomposed may overlap, the actions the single
agents undertake to regulate these portions may conflict; hence a balanced negotiation is required. A
class of complex phenomena that present several difficulties in their satisfactory modelling and
controlling is the class of physiological processes. The purpose of this paper is to introduce a general
multiagent architecture, called anthropic agency, for the modelling and the regulation of complex
# 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Physiological process control; Anthropic agency; Negotiation; Glucoseinsulin metabolism