Summary: HOME ORCHARD PEST MANAGEMENT GUIDE PREFACE
Holly Thornton, Homeowner IPM Specialist
Dan L. Horton, Extension Entomologist
Home Orchard Pest Management Guides offer suggestions on cultural and chemical control practices that offer a reasonable degree of protection from important fruit
diseases and insect pests. Producing quality edible fruit is challenging, growing commercial quality, blemish-free fruit is often an unrealistic expectation. During the
growing season weekly monitoring of the crop, and pests which may be present is important. Insecticides work best when pest levels are low. Timely application of
controls help minimize damage to fruit. To be effective fungicides need to be applied before appearance of symptoms and/or just prior to and during weather conditions
favorable for disease development. In most cases these are periods of moderate to high amounts of rainfall.
Sanitation, which encompasses a variety of cultural practices, such as pruning and removal of diseased and/or dead twigs and branches, raking and removal of leaves
and debris, periodically mowing around vines, trees or bushes, and disposing of rotten and/or diseased fruit generally improves disease and insect control. Sanitation, in
combination with chemicals, is usually necessary for acceptable control of fruit diseases and insects. A few fruits can be grown successfully with good sanitation alone.
Pre-mixed home fruit or orchard spray products containing pesticides for both disease and insect control are often available. The more dilute products offer the home
orchard applicator a greater measure of applicator and dietary safety. For the sake of brevity not all brand names of pesticides are listed. Many may be found by their
generic names in the Homeowner Fungicide Guide.
Always consult the product label when purchasing or using pesticides. Be sure the label states the material(s) are labeled for use on your crop, whether it be apple,
peach, pear, etc. Carefully follow all precautionary statements. They serve to protect you, the environment and those who consume your crop. Label restrictions are
legally binding. General considerations for home orchard pesticide applicators are as follows:
* Wear goggles or other eye protection to shield yourself from spray drift,
* Wear long sleeves, long trousers and shoes,
* Remove and launder clothing worn while applying pesticides, launder these clothes separately from family laundry before reusing them,