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VOLUME 78, NUMBER 3 P H Y S I C A L R E V I E W L E T T E R S 20 JANUARY 1997 Piezoelectricity: Quantized Charge Transport Driven by Adiabatic Deformations
 

Summary: VOLUME 78, NUMBER 3 P H Y S I C A L R E V I E W L E T T E R S 20 JANUARY 1997
Piezoelectricity: Quantized Charge Transport Driven by Adiabatic Deformations
J. E. Avron,1,
* J. Berger,1
and Y. Last2
1
Department of Physics, Technion, 32000 Haifa, Israel
2
Division of Physics Mathematics and Astronomy, Caltech, Pasadena, California 91125
(Received 17 September 1996)
We study the (zero temperature) quantum piezoelectric response of Harper-like models with broken
inversion symmetry. The charge transport in these models is related to topological invariants (Chern
numbers). We show that there are arbitrarily small periodic modulations of the atomic positions that
lead to nonzero charge transport. [S0031-9007(96)02168-0]
PACS numbers: 72.10.Bg, 77.65.j
The Harper model is a tight-binding quantum Hamil-
tonian describing the dynamics of noninteracting electrons
on a two-dimensional lattice in the presence of magnetic
fields. It is known to have interesting Hall transport prop-
erties. Here we study the electric response of Harper-like

  

Source: Avron, Joseph - Physics Department, Technion, Israel Institute of Technology

 

Collections: Physics