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Density Functional Theory Study of Transformations of Nitrogen Oxides Catalyzed by Cu-Exchanged Zeolites
 

Summary: Density Functional Theory Study of Transformations of Nitrogen Oxides Catalyzed by
Cu-Exchanged Zeolites
W. F. Schneider* and K. C. Hass
Ford Research Laboratory, MD 3083/SRL, Dearborn, Michigan 48121-2053
R. Ramprasad
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, UniVersity of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801
J. B. Adams
Department of Chemical, Bio and Materials Engineering, Arizona State UniVersity, Tempe, Arizona 85287
ReceiVed: October 23, 1997; In Final Form: January 30, 1998
A previously reported density-functional-theory-based model of NO decomposition in Cu-exchanged zeolites
(Schneider, W. F.; et al. J. Phys. Chem. B 1997, 101, 4353) is extended to consider more generally the
Cu-zeolite catalyzed chemistry of nitrogen oxides. The catalyst active site is considered to be an isolated,
zeolite (Z)-bound Cu ion, which can exist in either a reduced (Z--Cu(I)) or an oxidized (Z--Cu(II)-O-)
state. Three different cluster models are used to study the affinity of ZCu and ZCuO for gaseous molecules
(e.g., NO, NO2, or N2O), the structures and vibrational spectra of the stable complexes thus formed, and the
possible reactivity between active sites and gaseous species. The reduced and oxidized states are found to
react with nitrogen oxides via two types of O atom transfer reactions, one in which ZCu adds an O atom to
form ZCuO, and the other in which ZCuO adds an O atom to form ZCu + O2 via a dioxygen (ZCuO2)
intermediate. Potential energy surfaces for several key reactions are explored, and the results combined into
a mechanistic model which can be used to rationalize much of the known catalytic chemistry of nitrogen

  

Source: Adams, James B - Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, Arizona State University

 

Collections: Materials Science