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Introduction The two-island state of Trinidad and Tobago in the eastern Caribbean exhibits the
 

Summary: Introduction
The two-island state of Trinidad and Tobago in the eastern Caribbean exhibits the
classic dilemmas of managing environmental change in the coastal margins, typically
the most important resources for small islands. The coastal zone around Trinidad and
Tobago is the focus of much of the islands' development, but it is also the home of
much of the islands' rich marine and terrestrial biodiversity (see, for example, Laydoo,
1991; Richardson, 1975; Rooks, 2001). Fish-processing plants, infrastructural develop-
ment such as ports, roads, and airports, and residential and tourism developments
compete for coastal space with rare bird species, leatherback turtles, and other forms
of aquatic life. Rice farmers in need of agricultural land are encroaching on the
ecologically important Nariva mangrove swamps in eastern Trinidad. Coastal lands
are being cleared in Tobago for tourism development and more planning permission is
being sought for development in the coastal zone. Thus the economy and its develop-
ment in Trinidad and Tobago are ultimately dependent on the sustainable utilisation
of these coastal resources. At the same time, the country has a complicated array of
legislation, international designation of important sites under international conven-
tions (such as the Ramsar Convention), and yet has only one legislated marine
parköthe Buccoo Reef Restricted Area, in Tobago. The Government of the Republic
of Trinidad and Tobago has been considering designating up to six new national parks
Institutional networks for inclusive coastal management

  

Source: Adger, Neil - School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia

 

Collections: Environmental Sciences and Ecology