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Sample search results for: lucunter echinodermata echinoidea

 

1

Feeding and nutritional ecology of the sea urchins Echinometra lucunter (Linnaeus, 1758) and Arbacia punctulata (Lamarck, 1816) Echinodermata: Echinoidea): the importance of animal foods

  Texas A&M University - TxSpace

Summary: species on the nearby jetty. Determination of digestion coefficients of E. lucunter for three different diets showed that absorption of protein was more efficient from invertebrate (crab and squid) material than from algae or mixed food items. Absorption...

Pestovic, Jennifer Beth
1995-01-01

2

Crustaceans associated with Cnidaria,  Bivalvia, Echinoidea and Pisces at São Tomé and Príncipe islands

  CiteSeer

Summary: Symbiotic crustaceans were searched for at sea anemones (Actiniaria), encrusting anemones (Zoantharia), horny coral (Gorgonaria), black coral (Antipatharia), bivalves (Bivalvia), and sea urchins (Echinoidea) at São Tomé and Príncipe Islands (Gulf of Guinea, eastern central Atlantic). Sixteen

Peter Wirtz

3

BIOL 151 --Introductory Zoology Spring 2013, Minot State University

  Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites

Summary: : Echinodermata and Chordata For this part of the course we draw heavily upon the (1) University of California Crinoidea Holothuroidea Echinoidea Ophiuroidea Asteroidea Chordata Cephalochordata Urochordata Craniata


4

Bibliography and Literature Database, Ecology of the Southern California Bight

  University of California eScholarship Repository

Summary: nutrition: general studies,nutritional status,methods invertebrate morphology/physiology/pathology: echinodermata crustacea phaeophyta cirripedia echinoidea mustelidae Experimental evaluations of substrate types

Allen, L
1989-01-01

5

Molecular phylogeny of the Forcipulatacea (Asteroidea: Echinodermata): systematics and biogeographyzoj_688 646..660

  Biology and Medicine Websites

Summary: Molecular phylogeny of the Forcipulatacea (Asteroidea: Echinodermata): systematics a comprehensively sampled three-gene phylogeny of the monophyletic Forcipulatacea, one of three major lineages-sea ­ echinoderms ­ Mesozoic ­ molecular systematics ­ phylogenetic systematics ­ revision ­ Southern Hemisphere

Foltz, David W.

6

Eumetazoa: Bilateria: Deuterostomia Mouth from second opening formed in embryo

  Biology and Medicine Websites

Summary: Echinodermata #12;Echinodermata Bilateria: Deuterostomia: Echinodermata · Starfish, sea urchins, sea cucumbers;Echinoidea http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bx6uZvaETTE Shell: test Aristotle's lantern #12;Holothuroidea Sea cucumbers http://www.youtube.com/watc h?v=wXf_YodWw40 · Reduced skeleton · Feeding tentacles · Fights


7

Phylogeny of Arenig to Caradoc crinoids (Phylum Echinodermata) and suprageneric classification of the Crinoidea

  University of Kansas - KU ScholarWorks

Summary: THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PALEONTOLOGICAL CONTRIBUTIONS June 1998 Number 9 PHYLOGENY OF ARENIG TO CARADOC CRINOIDS (PHYLUM ECHINODERMATA) AND SUPRAGENERIC CLASSIFICATION OF THE CRINOIDEA William I. Ausich Department of Geological Sciences, 155 South...), Kelly (1982, 1986), Donovan (1988a), Sevastopulo and Lane (1988), Simms and Sevastopulo (1993), and others. 2 The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions Developed herein is a comprehensive phylogeny of Arenig to Caradoc crinoids by a...

Ausich, W. I.
1998-06-01

8

Le genre Ceratocystis Jaekel (Echinodermata, Stylophora)

  University of Kansas - KU ScholarWorks

Summary: 'adorale médiane, du côté inférieur, par la petite plaque médiane Mo, les marginales M' 2 , et W2 (Fig. 23123), vue en oblique des faces inférieure et antérieure, avec contour du bord adaxial de la marginale M'il (reconstitution fondée sur trois specimens). 7...'adorale médiane, du côté inférieur, par la petite plaque médiane Mo, les marginales M' 2 , et W2 (Fig. 23123), vue en oblique des faces inférieure et antérieure, avec contour du bord adaxial de la marginale M'il (reconstitution fondée sur trois specimens). 7...

Ubaghs, G.
1967-11-30

9

Supplement to Echinodermata Articles 8-10

  University of Kansas - KU ScholarWorks

Summary: Uppsala, v. 9, 330 p., 349 fig. , 1934, A reconstruction problem: Analysis of fossil comatulids from North America, with a survey of all known types of comatulid arm ramifications: Univ. Arssk. (Acta Univ. Lundensis), neue Folge, Band 30, Avd. 2 (K... Uppsala, v. 9, 330 p., 349 fig. , 1934, A reconstruction problem: Analysis of fossil comatulids from North America, with a survey of all known types of comatulid arm ramifications: Univ. Arssk. (Acta Univ. Lundensis), neue Folge, Band 30, Avd. 2 (K...

Moore, R. C.; Jeffords, Russell M.; Miller, T. H.
1968-01-01

10

ACANTHASTER (ECHINODERMATA, ASTEROIDEA) IN THE GULF OF CALIFORNIA

  Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites

Summary: interpreta- tion of the phenomenon is still being debated (Dana, 1970; Newman, 1970; Vine, 1970; Weber and Woodhead, 1970; Dana, Newman, and Fager, 1972). However, the events have served to highlight our ignorance-free tropical Atlantic, has raised the question of the preda- tion-potential of the American population (Newman


11

Echinodermata of the West Flower Garden Reef Bank

  Texas A&M University - TxSpace

Summary: and format follow that of the Bulletin of Marine Science. Figure 1. Location of West Flower Garden Bank. positively identified as a flourishing coral reef (Pulley, 1963). Since that time, the relative inaccessibility of the reef to all but commercial... much of the collecting discussed above was done on or in the vicinity of coral reefs, information on Gulf reefs was notably deficient. Ives (1890) reported on the fauna of the reefs near Vera Cruz. Moore (1958) listed field observations on the fauna...

Burke, Thomas Edward
1974-01-01

12

Zoogeography and systematics of the shallow water echinodermata of Texas

  Texas A&M University - TxSpace

Summary: Figure Figure Figure ' Figure : Figure 4. Track of the OHasslerm 1871-72 5. Track of the 081akeo 1877-1880 6. Track of the OAlbatrosso 1884 7. Track of the "Albatross" 1885 8. Caribbean region 9. Mid-Atlantic region 10. Orientation definitions...); Clark, A. H, 1939:441, 442 (3); 1954:375 (3); Clark, H. L. 1898a;5 (3), 1919:71 (3), 1933:16 (3), 1941:16 (3); Cooley 1978:16 (3); Coues 1871: 148 (3); Coues & Yarrow 1878:307 (3); Doderlei n 19 17: 98, 10 1, 102 (3 ); Downey 1973: 28 (3 ); Dragovi ch...

Pomory, Christopher Mark
1990-01-01

13

Evolution and Systematics of Holothuroidea (Echinodermata) Alexander M. Kerr

  Biology and Medicine Websites

Summary: Holothuroids, or sea cucumbers, are a morphologically diverse group of echinoderms with over 1400 described that holothuroids survived the end Permian extinction more successfully than other echinoderms. Like many other plates and a complex calcareous ring resembling the ambulacral skeleton of other echinoderms are derived

Kerr, Alexander M.

14

The Importance of Archived Programmatic Collections: Minerals Management Service and Department of

  Biology and Medicine Websites

Summary: that Compare Changes in Biodiversity over Time Porifera Cnidaria Echinodermata Annelida Mollusca Arthropoda Described Total: 298 175 - Annelida 87 - Arthropoda 2 - Chordata 11 - Cnidaria 6 - Echinodermata 8

Mathis, Wayne N.

15

J. Ocean Univ. Chin. (Oceanic and Coastal Sea Research) ISSN 1672-5182, November 30, 2008, Vol.7, No.4, pp.421-424

  Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites

Summary: marmorata (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) Associated with the Rhizostome Medusa Rhopilema hispidum (Cnidaria. Ophiocnemis marmorata (Lamarck, 1816) is an ophi- uroid (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea: Ophiotrichidae

Morandini, Andre C.

16

www.uni-bremen.de www.fb2.uni-bremen.de

  Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites

Summary: wichtiger Taxa wirbelloser Tiere (u.a. Cnidaria, Mollusca, Crustacea, Echinodermata), vorgestellt, adaptations and ecology of abundant taxa of invertebrates (cnidaria, molluscs, crustacea, echinodermata

Hoffmeister, Thomas S.

17

Population Structure, Distribution and Abundance of Three Commercial Species of Sea Cucumber (Echinodermata) in Panama

  Biology and Medicine Websites

Summary: Population Structure, Distribution and Abundance of Three Commercial Species of Sea Cucumber encouraged illegal fisheries of sea cucumbers in non-traditional areas of the tropical Caribbean. This work. INTRODUCTION Commercially processed sea cucumber (bêche-de-mer) is fished in the Indo-Pacific, North Pacific

Bermingham, Eldredge

18

Onderwerpscodes Zologie / Subject headings Zoology, 2010, Maart1 Code rubriek

  Biology and Medicine Websites

Summary: Echinodermata (stekelhuidigen) Echinodermata 06.12 III p 03 P Hemichordata (zakpijpen en salpen) en Urochordata (manteldieren) Hemichordata (sea-squirts and salps) and Urochordata 06.12 III q 03 Q Vertebrata (gewervelden

Galis, Frietson

19

Actine,Apicomplexes, Bourgeonnement, Cil, Cilis, Complexe apical, Conjugaison, Cycle biologique de Plasmodium, Cytosquelette, Cytostome, Diffusion, Ectoplasme,

  Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites

Summary: Sarcomastigophora Ciliophora Arthropoda Mollusca Chordata Playhelminthes Nematoda Annelida Porifera Echinodermata Annelida Mollusca Sipuncula Nemertea Bryozoa Brachiopoda Phoronida Arthropoda Onychophora Tardigrada

Blouin-Demers, Gabriel

20

Fatty acid composition of larvae of the sand dollar Dendraster excentricus (Echinodermata) might reflect FA composition of the diets

  Biology and Medicine Websites

Summary: reflect FA composition of the diets Sophie B. George a, , Colleen Fox a , Stuart Wakeham b a Georgia Fatty acid composition Algal diets Microencapsulated diet Larval growth and development Fatty acid (FA of Dendraster excentricus larvae fed a microencapsulated diet, and two algal diets. Larvae were assigned

George, Sophie B.

21

Geology of the Sierra del Caballo Muerto area, Brewster County, Texas

  Texas A&M University - TxSpace

Summary: stratigraphic units in the area and the fossils are abundant. The following fossils were identified: Cyprimeria texana Roemer Gryphaea marcoui Hill and Vaughan Tapes sp. 30 Echinoidea Enallaster mexicanus Cotteau Enallaster sp. Heteraster sp...

Eaves, Glenn Patrick
1965-01-01

22

Clitellum, Cocon, Coelome, Cuticule, Endoderme, Errant, Hmoglobine, Hirudinae, Homologie srielle, Msoderme, Mtamre, Mtamrisation, Monoque, Mouvement

  Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites

Summary: Cycliophora Rotifera Annelida Mollusca Sipuncula Nemertea Bryozoa Brachiopoda Phoronida Arthropoda Onychophora Arthropoda Mollusca Chordata Playhelminthes Nematoda Annelida Porifera Echinodermata autre 3 Eucoelomate

Blouin-Demers, Gabriel

23

UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE SANTA CATARINA CENTRO DE CINCIAS BIOLGICAS

  Biology and Medicine Websites

Summary: Crustacea e Mollusca. Unidade 4: Organismos planctônicos: utilizados como alimento na aquacultura, em (Cirripedia), Mollusca, Urochordata (Ascidiacea), Ectoprocta (Bryozoa) e Echinodermata. Unidade 5: Fauna de

Floeter, Sergio Ricardo

24

REVIEW / SYNTHSE A phylogeny of the hemichordates based on

  Biology and Medicine Websites

Summary: REVIEW / SYNTHÈSE A phylogeny of the hemichordates based on morphological characters1 C.B. Cameron, Echinodermata, Ambulacraria, and Chordata. The enteropneust families Spengelidae and Ptychoderidae were each

Cameron, Chris B.

25

FB2 Biologie / Chemie www.uni-bremen.de

  Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites

Summary: -Funktionsmorphologie -Anpassungen und Ökologie wichtiger Taxa wirbelloser Tiere (u.a. Cnidaria, Mollusca, Crustacea (cnidaria, molluscs, crustacea, echinodermata) on selected objects. Extension of preparation and drawing

Diekmann, Martin

26

Consistent Frequency of Color Morphs in the Sea Star Pisaster ochraceus (Echinodermata:Asteriidae) across Open-Coast Habitats in the

  Environmental Management and Restoration Websites

Summary: stars in a popu- lation increases with the size of the animals in most populations. We consider several or their causes across its geographic range. We used thousands of observations of sea star color and size taken by University of Hawai`i Press All rights reserved 1 This is contribution number 226 of the Partnership

Sagarin, Rafe

27

A comparison of the distribution of the Echinodermata of a coral community with that of a nearby rock outcrop on the Texas continental shelf

  Texas A&M University - TxSpace

Summary: , 1816) ~ CLASS OPHIUROIDEA Order Ophiurida Suborder Ophiurae Family Ophiodermatidae 13. Ophioderma squamosissimum (Lutken, 1859). 14. ~ON' d 0 ' 9' ls y, 1825). 15. Opt' d ~p= (S y, 1825). Family Ophiothricidae 16. ~00' th"' ~)t (S-y, 1825) 17... ~oh' th ' ' ' L tk 1856 Family Ophiochitonidae 18. ~0:-. ' ' t' 1 t (5 y, 1825). Family Ophiactidae 19. 0'' t' ~)' (811 dy hl, )842) Family Ophiuridae Subfamily Ophiolepidinae 20 ~hh' 1 ~L L tk 1859 21. ~ph' 1 ' ~ (S y, 1825). Family...

DuBois, Random
1975-01-01

28

Interpreting the effect of environmental conditions on elemental partitioning in biogenic carbonates within the framework of Rayleigh fractionation

  University of California eScholarship Repository

Summary: Periwinkle Echinodermata Purple Urchin Pencil Urchin Rhodophyta Coralline Red Algae a CommonPeriwinkle Limpet 1.0E2 1.0E2 Echinodermata Purple Urchin Pencil Urchin Cnidaria Temperate Coral unreal Rhodophyta Coralline Red Algae Chlorophyte Halimeda a Common

Gilmore, Rosaleen Ella
2013-01-01

29

DNA primers for amplification of mitochondrial cytochrome ALLOGALATHEA: A MONOSPECIFIC GENUS? 267 © 2011 The Linnean

  CiteSeer

Summary: We describe "universal " DNA primers for polymer-ase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of a 710-bp fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidasesubunit I gene (COI) from 11 invertebrate phyla:Echinodermata, Mollusca, Annelida, Pogonophora, Arthropoda, Nemertinea, Echiura, Sipuncula

M. Black; W. Hoeh; R. Lutz; R Vrijenhoek
1994-01-01

30

AN ABSTRACT OF THE THESIS OF Timothy Seung-chul Lee for the degree of Master of Science in Environmental Science

  Geosciences Websites

Summary: and dissimilarities. In addition, I determined if a specific group of invertebrates, Asteroids (Echinodermata), were Erhardt and Chris Romsos for providing space and additional tools to successfully complete invertebrate

Goldfinger, Chris

31

The effect of environmental salinity on organoleptic characteristics of penaeid shrimp

  Texas A&M University - TxSpace

Summary: Huviatilis ala, arg, gly, glu, pro Simpson et al. , 1959 Various invertebrates in the phyla: Coelenterate, Arthropoda, Molluscs, Echinodermata ala, arg, asp, glu, gly. tau Lynch and Wood, 1966 H ~tt 1 ala, arg, glu, gly, tau Schoffeniels, 1967...

Papadopoulos, Linda Suter
1984-01-01

32

Animaux: structures et BIO2525 -Universit d'Ottawa

  Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites

Summary: 'espèces Apicomplexa Sarcomastigophora Ciliophora Arthropoda Mollusca Chordata Playhelminthes Nematoda Annelida · Loup (Canis lupus) Phylum Chordata · �toile de mer Phylum Echinodermata · Moustique Phylum Arthropoda

Blouin-Demers, Gabriel

33

Phylogenomics of strongylocentrotid sea urchins

  University of California eScholarship Repository

Summary: Voight JR, Daly M: Echinoderm phylogeny including Xyloplax,be monophyletic in Echinoderm phylogenies inferred from bothechinoderm tissue [21]. The location of Echinodermata as an early branch in the deuterostome phylogeny

Kober, Kord M; Bernardi, Giacomo
2013-01-01

34

Community structure and evaluation of trophic analysis in paleoecology Stone City Formation (Middle Eocene, Texas

  Texas A&M University - TxSpace

Summary: Phylum Arthropoda Phylum Echinodermata. Phylum Chordata Page 10$ 106 107 115 116 117 119 119 120 150 160 161 161 161 LIST OF TABLES Table 1. GRAIN SIZE ANALYSIS. 2. NUMBER OF GENERA AND SPECIES. NUMBER OF INDIVIDUALS NUMBER... Mollusca Scaphopoda Gastropoda Pelecypoda Cephalopoda Arthropoda Echinodermata Vertebrate Sample 1 Bottom G 9I. 2 ? 2 59 ? 69 ? - 2 01 ? 50 16 ? 17 1 - 1 1 ? 1 9 - 10 Sample 2 Middle G ? S 2 - 2 6-7 62 ? 81 2 ? 2 W3 - g8 17 ? 21...

Nelson, Penelope C
1975-01-01

35

Mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis is ancestral in metazoans

  Biology and Medicine Websites

Summary: activation and apoptosis. Despite conservation of Bcl-2, Apaf-1, and caspases in invertebrate phyla, the existence of the mito- chondrial pathway in any invertebrate is, at best, controversial. Here we show invertebrate deuter- ostomes (phylum Echinodermata). The mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis, characterized

Alvarado, Alejandro Sánchez

36

281J. exp. Biol. 195, 281291 (1994) Printed in Great Britain The Company of Biologists Limited 1994

  Biology and Medicine Websites

Summary: 1994 EXTRAOCULAR SENSITIVITY TO POLARIZED LIGHT IN AN ECHINODERM SÖNKE JOHNSEN Department of Biology of the brittlestar (Ophiuroidea, Echinodermata) endoskeleton polarizes light and that certain brittlestars respond to polarized light. The first hypothesis was tested in Ophioderma brevispinum by examining ossicles from

Johnsen, Sönke
1994-01-01

37

Marine Biology70, 51-62 (1982) MARINE BIOLOGY 9 Springer-Verlag1982

  Biology and Medicine Websites

Summary: Strategies of Morphs of the Genus Echinaster (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) from the Eastern Gulf of Mexico R. E of the asteroid genus Echinaster occurs in the eastern Gulf of Mexico (Downey, 1973; Tuttle, 1979; Tuttle and Lin development is similar in both morphs except that larvae of E. Type 1 undergo a brief planktonic phase. E

Scheibling, Robert Eric
1982-01-01

38

Bibliography and Literature Database, Ecology of the Southern California Bight

  University of California eScholarship Repository

Summary: physiology/pathology: echinodermata ecology: plant ecology:plant ecology: oceanography nutrition: general studies,nutritional status,methods invertebrate morphology/physiology/pathology:plant; ecology: animal; biophysics: biocybernetics; mathematical biology/statistical methods nutrition: general studies,nutritional status,methods invertebrate morphology/physiology/pathology:

Allen, L
1989-01-01

39

237DEVELOPMENT AND STEM CELLS RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION

  Biology and Medicine Websites

Summary: developmental program for establishing their germline (e.g. Juliano et al., 2010a). In this group of animals of the phylum Echinodermata, a sister group to the chordates. They use a developmental strategy whereby some.1242/dev.054940 © 2011. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd MCB Department, Brown University, 185

Wessel, Gary M.

40

Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (2001), 133: 6381. With 5 figures doi:10.1006/zjls.2000.0280, available online at http://www.idealibrary.com on

  Biology and Medicine Websites

Summary: .0280, available online at http://www.idealibrary.com on Phylogeny of Holothuroidea (Echinodermata) inferred from for publication December 2000 Holothuroids, or sea cucumbers, are an abundant and diverse group of echinoderms report the first phylogeny of this class, based on a cladistic analysis of 47 morphological characters

Kerr, Alexander M.
2001-01-01

41

Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (2001), 133: 5362. With 3 figures doi:10.1006/zjls.2000.0279, available online at http://www.idealibrary.com on

  Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites

Summary: .0279, available online at http://www.idealibrary.com on Phylogeny of the Apodan Holothurians (Echinodermata-holothuroid echinoderms, which radiated in the early Mesozoic. Synaptidae appears to have radiated during the Lower families. infaunal holothuroid echinoderms. Apodans are unique among holothuroids in lacking tubefeet

Kerr, Alexander M.
2001-01-01

42

Braz. Arch. Biol. Technol. v.52 n.3: pp. 629-636, May/June 2009 Vol.52, n. 3: pp. 629-636, May-June 2009

  Biology and Medicine Websites

Summary: Laboratório de Pesquisas Costeiras e Estuarinas; Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro; Hangar da Ponta do Catalão; Rio de Janeiro - RJ - Brasil. 2 Laboratório de Benthos; Departamento de Biologia Marinha; Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro; Rio de Janeiro - RJ - Brasil. 3 Laboratório de Echinodermata

Paiva, Paulo Cesar de

43

Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 43 (2007) 627634 www.elsevier.com/locate/ympev

  Biology and Medicine Websites

Summary: mitochondrial and nuclear sequences support the monophyly of forcipulatacean sea stars D.W. Foltz ¤ , M of forcipulatacean sea stars (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) have reconstructed a non-monophy- letic order Forcipulatida forcipulatacean sea stars, with multiple representatives of all but one of the forcipulate families and

Foltz, David W.

44

Anaerobic uptake and utilization of free glycine-2-C¹? by the estuarine bivalve Rangia cuneata

  Texas A&M University - TxSpace

Summary: , Arthropoda, Mollusca, and Echinodermata. High concentrations of glycine and taurine were found in nearly every marine species studied, and in many cases the 9'lycine concentration was as high as the taurine concentration. However, taurine was not detec... phyla exa- mined except the Arthropoda removed significant quantities of glycine from a 2 millimolar solution in a 24 hour period. The lack of uptake by the Arthropoda can probably be attributed to their relatively impermeable exoskeletons...

Philley, John Calvin
1977-01-01

45

The effects of the hermit crab, Clibanarius vittatus (Bosc 1802) on the structure of a shallow bay macroinfaunal community

  Texas A&M University - TxSpace

Summary: present in very small percentages included Nemertea, Echinodermata and Phor onida. The yearly pattern for the total number of individuals per m2 is shown in Figure 7. The mean density in December 1980 (12, 914 ind/m2) was almost doubled by January... (mean of 22, 474 ind/m2), 27 TABLE 2. Taxonomic list of the 73 species collected during the study. Phylum Nemertinea Nemertea (red bands) Order Heteronemertea Cerebratulus lacteus Leidy 1851 Phylum Annelida Class Polychaeta Family Amphinomidae...

Dent, Steven Richard
1983-01-01

46

Trends in the Discovery of New Marine Natural Products from Invertebrates over the Last Two Decades – Where and What Are We Bioprospecting?

  CiteSeer

Summary: It is acknowledged that marine invertebrates produce bioactive natural products that may be useful for developing new drugs. By exploring untapped geographical sources and/or novel groups of organisms one can maximize the search for new marine drugs to treat human diseases. The goal of this paper is to analyse the trends associated with the discovery of new marine natural products from invertebrates (NMNPI) over the last two decades. The analysis considers different taxonomical levels and geographical approaches of bioprospected species. Additionally, this research is also directed to provide new insights into less bioprospected taxa and world regions. In order to gather the information available on NMNPI, the yearlypublished reviews of Marine Natural Products covering 1990–2009 were surveyed. Information on source organisms, specifically taxonomical information and collection sites, was assembled together with additional geographical information collected from the articles originally describing the new natural product. Almost 10000 NMNPI were discovered since 1990, with a pronounced increase between decades. Porifera and Cnidaria were the two dominant sources of NMNPI worldwide. The exception was polar regions where Echinodermata dominated. The majority of species that yielded the new natural products belong to only one class of each Porifera and Cnidaria phyla (Demospongiae and Anthozoa, respectively). Increased bioprospecting efforts were observed in the Pacific Ocean, particularly in Asian countries that are associated with the Japan Biodiversity Hotspot and the Kuroshio Current. Although results show comparably less NMNPI from polar regions,

Miguel Costa Leal; João Puga; João Serôdio; Newton C. M. Gomes; Ricardo Calado

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