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Yoichiro Nambu was awarded the 2008 Nobel Prize in Physics "for the discovery of the mechanism of spontaneous broken symmetry in subatomic physics".
Nambu 'has revolutionized modern scientific ideas about the nature of the most fundamental particles and the space through which they move. His theories form an essential cornerstone of what physicists call the Standard Model, which explains in a unified way three of the four fundamental forces of nature: strong, weak and electromagnetic. He also has significantly influenced the development of quantum chromodynamics, a theory that describes certain interactions between quarks and between protons and neutrons.' 1
'Dr. Nambu, a U.S. citizen, is the Harry Pratt Judson Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus in Physics at the University of Chicago and its Enrico Fermi Institute. …
Over a period of three decades starting in the 1960s, the Atomic Energy Commission, a DOE predecessor agency, and the U.S. Department of Energy supported Dr. Nambu … .' 2
1 Edited excerpt from Yoichiro Nambu
2 Edited excerpt from Researcher Supported by Atomic Energy Commission and U.S. Department of Energy is Co-Winner Of 2008 Nobel Prize in Physics
Additional information about Yoichiro Nambu and broken symmetries is available in electronic documents and on the Web.
Self-consistent Models of Strong Interaction with Chiral Symmetry, DOE Technical Report, April 1963
Broken SU(3) x SU(3) x SU(3) x SU(3) Symmetry, DOE Technical Report, November 1964
Three-Triplet Model with Double SU(3) Symmetry, DOE Technical Report, 1965 (on page 7, the 53rd reference in the "Scientific Background on the Nobel Prize in Physics 2008: Broken Symmetries]" at the official Nobel Prize Web site)
Triplets, Static SU(6), and Spontaneously Broken Chiral SU(3) Symmetry, DOE Technical Report, January 1966
Infinite Multiplets, DOE Technical Report, 1967
Soft Pion Processes, DOE Technical Report, January 1968
Lectures on Chiral Symmetries and Soft Pion Processes, DOE Technical Report, August 1996
Remarks on the Topology of Gauge Fields, DOE Technical Report, March 1978
Research in the Theory of Condensed Matter and Elementary Particles: Final Report, September 1, 1984 - November 30, 1987, DOE Technical Report, April 1988
Additional Web Pages:
Telephone Interview with Yoichiro Nambu, Nobelprize.org (video)
Portrait of the 2008 Nobel Laureates in Physics (video) beginning at 00:06:43
Nambu Awarded Wolf Prize in Physics, The University of Chicago Chronicle, Volume 14, No. 7, Nov. 28, 1994
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