Yoichiro Nambu and the Mechanism of
Spontaneous Broken Symmetries in Subatomic Physics

Resources with Additional Information · Awards

Yoichiro Nambu
Credit: University of Chicago

Yoichiro Nambu was awarded the 2008 Nobel Prize in Physics "for the discovery of the mechanism of spontaneous broken symmetry in subatomic physics".

Nambu 'has revolutionized modern scientific ideas about the nature of the most fundamental particles and the space through which they move. His theories form an essential cornerstone of what physicists call the Standard Model, which explains in a unified way three of the four fundamental forces of nature: strong, weak and electromagnetic. He also has significantly influenced the development of quantum chromodynamics, a theory that describes certain interactions between quarks and between protons and neutrons.' 1

'Dr. Nambu, a U.S. citizen, is the Harry Pratt Judson Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus in Physics at the University of Chicago and its Enrico Fermi Institute. …

Over a period of three decades starting in the 1960s, the Atomic Energy Commission, a DOE predecessor agency, and the U.S. Department of Energy supported Dr. Nambu … .' 2

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Resources with Additional Information

Additional information about Yoichiro Nambu and broken symmetries is available in electronic documents and on the Web.

Documents:

Self-consistent Models of Strong Interaction with Chiral Symmetry, DOE Technical Report, April 1963

Broken SU(3) x SU(3) x SU(3) x SU(3) Symmetry, DOE Technical Report, November 1964

Three-Triplet Model with Double SU(3) Symmetry, DOE Technical Report, 1965 (on page 7, the 53rd reference in the "Scientific Background on the Nobel Prize in Physics 2008: Broken Symmetries]" at the official Nobel Prize Web site)

Triplets, Static SU(6), and Spontaneously Broken Chiral SU(3) Symmetry, DOE Technical Report, January 1966

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Infinite Multiplets, DOE Technical Report, 1967

Soft Pion Processes, DOE Technical Report, January 1968

Lectures on Chiral Symmetries and Soft Pion Processes, DOE Technical Report, August 1996

Remarks on the Topology of Gauge Fields, DOE Technical Report, March 1978

Research in the Theory of Condensed Matter and Elementary Particles: Final Report, September 1, 1984 - November 30, 1987, DOE Technical Report, April 1988

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Additional Web Pages:

Nambu Shares 2008 Nobel Prize in Physics: Physicist Cited for Discovering Mechanism in Subatomic Physics, University of Chicago

Yoichiro Nambu, Enrico Fermi Institute

University of Chicago Physicist Yoichiro Nambu Wins Nobel Prize

Nobel Focus: Particle Physics Gets a Break, American Physical Society

Profile: Yoichiro Nambu in 1995, Scientific American

Telephone Interview with Yoichiro Nambu, Nobelprize.org (video)

Portrait of the 2008 Nobel Laureates in Physics (video) beginning at 00:06:43

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Awards:

1982 National Medal of Science

Yoichiro Nambu

Nambu Awarded Wolf Prize in Physics, The University of Chicago Chronicle, Volume 14, No. 7, Nov. 28, 1994

1970 Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics, American Physical Society

1994 J. J. Sakurai Prize for Theoretical Particle Physics, American Physical Society

2005 Benjamin Franklin Medal

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