David Lee, Douglas Osheroff, Superfluidity, and Helium 3

Resources with Additional Information

David M. Lee and Douglas D. Osheroff received the 1996 Nobel Prize in Physics for ‘their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3'. "In 1976, Lee shared with Richardson and Osheroff their earliest recognition for studies of superfluidity, the Simon Memorial Prize of the British Physical Society. The Buckley Prize of the American Physical Society followed for the trio in 1981. ...

Douglas D. Osheroff
Douglas D. Osheroff
Courtesy AIP Emilio Segrè
Visual Archives, AIP Meggers
Gallery of Nobel Laureates
David Lee
David M. Lee
Photo by Janerik Henriksson,
Courtesy AIP Emilio Segrè
Visual Archievs, W.F. Meggers
Gallery of Nobel Laureate

From 1966-67, Lee was a visiting scientist at Brookhaven National Laboratory ... ."1 His research at Cornell University includes " Low Temperature Physics: Normal and superfluid 3He, studies of the orientation of solid helium by optical birefringence, solid 3He and 4He, lambda phase diagram of 3He - 4He mixtures, quasiparticle tunneling in superconductors, magnetic resonance and ultrasound techniques, cooling by adiabatic demagnetization and the Pomeranchuk technique, spin waves in spin polarized hydrogen gas, high concentrations of hydrogen and nitrogen atons via matrix isolation by impurity-helium solids, magnetism, electron spin resonance."2

Osheroff's research efforts at Stanford University "center around studies of quantum fluids and solids and glasses at ultra-low temperatures. Current work in quantum fluids and solids includes studies of transport properties in nuclear magnetically ordered solid 3He, studies of the B phase nucleation in superfluid 3He, and experimental searches for new magnetically ordered two dimensional phases of both solid and liquid 3He on graphite surfaces. The work involving glasses is intended to elucidate the nature of two level systems in amorphous materials at ultra-low temperatures, and to develop new low heat capacity/high resolution thermometers for use in the 1 to 10 mK temperature range."3

1 Edited excerpts from David M. Lee
2 Edited excerpts from David M. Lee, Professor, Cornell University
3 Edited excerpts from Douglas D. Osheroff, Professor, Stanford University


Resources with Additional Information

Additional information about David M. Lee, Douglas D. Osheroff, and their research is available in full-text and on the Web.


Optical Birefringence and Crystal Growth of Hexagonal-Close-Packed He4 from Superfluid Helium; O. W. Heybey and D. M. Lee; Physical Review Letters, Vol. 19, Issue 3: 106-108; July 17, 1967

Phase Separation and the Superfluid Transition in Liquid He3-He4 Mixtures; E. H. Graf, D. M. Lee, and J. D. Reppy; Physical Review Letters, Vol. 19, Issue 8: 417-419; August 21, 1967

Evidence for a New Phase of Solid He3; D. D. Osheroff, R. C. Richardson, and D. M. Lee; Physical Review Letters, Vol. 28, Issue 14: 885-888, April 3, 1972

New Magnetic Phenomena in Liquid He3 below 3 mK; D. D. Osheroff, W. J. Gully, R. C. Richardson, and D. M. Lee; Physical Review Letters, Vol. 29, Issue 14: 920-923; October 2, 1972

Superfluidity in 3He: Discovery and Understanding; D. D. Osheroff; Review of Modern Physics, Vol. 69, Issue 3: 667-682; July 1997

Observation of a Superfluid He-3 A- B Phase Transition in Silica Aerogel; B. I. Barker, Y. Lee, L. Polukhina, D. D. Osheroff, L. W. Hrubesh, and J. F. Poco; Physical Review Letters, Vol. 85, Issue 10: 2148-2151 ; September 4, 2000

Interfacial Pinning in the Superfluid 3He A-B Transition in Aerogel; J. E. Baumgardner, Y. Lee, D. D. Osheroff, L. W. Hrubesh, and J. F. Poco; Physical Review Letters, Vol. 93, Issue 5: 055301 [4 pages]; July 30, 2004

Phase Diagram of Superfluid 3He in 99.3% Porosity Aerogel; J. E. Baumgardner and D. D. Osheroff; Physical Review Letters, Vol. 93, Issue 15: 155301 [4 pages]; October 8, 2004


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